Interstitial Lung Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Risk Factors and Treatments

Interstitial Lung Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Risk Factors and Treatments

Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Risk Factors, and Treatments of Interstitial Lung Disease


The term “Interstitial Lung Disease” refers to a wide range of conditions, the majority of which result throughout lung tissue scarring. Interstitial lung disease scarring impairs your capacity to inhale and absorb adequate oxygen throughout your body.

Long-term levels of harmful compounds, which include asbestos, can result in interstitial lung disease. Interstitial lung disease can also be caused by several autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis. However, the causes in certain cases are unknown.

Scarring of the lungs is almost always permanent. Interstitial lung disease can be slowed with treatment, but several patients never fully recover their lung function. For such persons with interstitial lung disease, a lung transplant is a possibility.

Interstitial lung disease has the following signs and symptoms:

1. Breathing difficulty, either at relaxation or when exercised.

2. Cough which is dry.

When should you consult a physician?

Lung damage is frequently permanent by the time symptoms arise. However, if you have respiratory issues, you should visit your doctor right once. Besides interstitial lung disease, a variety of illnesses can impact your lungs, therefore it’s critical to receive a good diagnosis as soon as possible.

The following are some of the causes of interstitial lung disease:

Interstitial lung disease appears to be caused by an aberrant healing response in the lungs after an injury. Throughout most cases, the body produces just enough tissue to repair harm. However, in interstitial lung disease, the healing mechanism fails, resulting in scarring and thickening of the tissue surrounding the air sacs (alveoli). That causes the delivery of oxygen to your bloodstream more complicated.

Many factors can cause interstitial lung disease, including workplace airborne pollutants, medicines, and some medical procedures. These factors are usually unknown in the majority of instances.

Interstitial lung disease can be increased by several factors, including:

1. The first factor is your age:

Although babies and children can acquire interstitial lung disease, it is far more common in adults.

2. Toxic contact, both at work and in the atmosphere:

The chance of developing interstitial lung disease is enhanced if you work in mining, farming, or construction, or if you are exposed to chemicals that can harm your lungs for any reason.

3. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):

GERD is a disorder that affects the stomach and the esophagus. People seem to be at higher risk of developing interstitial lung disease, if they have uncontrolled acid reflux or indigestion.

4. Smoking:

Several types of interstitial lung disease are now more common in those who have smoked in the past, and active smoking can exacerbate the illness, particularly when asthma is present.

5. Chemotherapy and Radiation:

This is more probable because you’ll get lung illness if you have chest radiation treatments or use certain chemotherapy medications.

Interstitial lung disease can result in several potentially fatal consequences, including:

1. Your lungs have high blood pressure. Such illness damages just the arteries of the lungs, unlike systemic high blood pressure. Scar tissue or oxygen depletion constricts the tiniest blood veins in your lungs, reducing blood flow. As a result, the pulmonary arteries experience increased pressure. Pulmonary hypertension is a dangerous illness that becomes worse over time.

2. Right-sided heart failure is a condition in which the heart fails on the right side of the body Whenever the heart’s lower right chamber (right ventricle), which is less muscular than the left, pump more blood harder than normal to transfer blood through clogged pulmonary arteries, people get this dangerous ailment. Because of the added strain, the right ventricle eventually collapses. Pulmonary hypertension is typically the cause of all this.

Credit – Komal Sharma

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