On India’s Republic Day, write an Essay, Article, Speech, Paragraph
Republic Day is a national holiday in India, when the country marks and celebrates the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India and Thus, turning the nation into a newly formed republic. The day also marks India’s transition from an autonomous Commonwealth realm to a full-fledged sovereign republic in the Commonwealth of Nations with the British Monarch as the nominal head of the Indian Dominion, with the President of India as the nominal head of the Indian Union.
The constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system that completed the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the date of Republic Day because it was on this day in 1929 that the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress in exchange for territorial status as a Dominion. The latter was established by the departing British. Administration.
Complete History: Republic Day Of India
After the Indian independence movement, India gained independence from the British Raj on 15 August 1947. Independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 and 11 geo 6 c 30), an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which divided British India into two newly independent dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations). India gained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. However, the country did not yet have a permanent constitution; Instead its laws were based on the amended Colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 29 August 1947, a proposal was moved for the appointment of a Drafting Committee to draft a permanent constitution, headed by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. While India’s Independence Day celebrates its independence from British rule, Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its Constitution. A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and presented to the Constituent Assembly on 4 November 1947. The Assembly met in sessions open to the public for 166 days over a period of two years, 11 months and 18 days before the adoption of the Constitution. , After several deliberations and some amendments, 308 members of the Legislative Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later which was on 26 January 1950, it came into force full time. whole nation. On that day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad began his first term as the President of the Indian Union. The Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the transitional provisions of the new constitution.
On the eve of Republic Day, the President addresses the nation.
Celebrations on Republic Day of India
The main Republic Day celebrations are held in the national capital, New Delhi, on the Rajpath in front of the President of India. On this day, a ceremonial parade takes place on the Rajpath as a tribute to India; Its unity in diversity and rich cultural heritage.
New Delhi Republic Day Parade
The Delhi Republic Day Parade is held in the capital New Delhi and is organized by the Ministry of Defence. Starting from the gate of Rashtrapati Bhavan (Rashtrapati Niwas), Raisina Hill on Rajpath near India Gate, the event is the highlight of India’s Republic Day celebrations and lasts for three days. The parade showcases India’s defense capability, cultural and social heritage.
Apart from the Navy and the Air Force, nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army march past with their bands in all their splendid and official decorations. The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various paramilitary forces and police forces of India also participate in this parade.
Beating Retreat Ceremony On Republic Day Of India
The Beating Retreat ceremony is held after officially marking the end of the Republic Day festivities. It is organized on the evening of 29 January, the third day of Republic Day. It is performed by bands of three wings of the Army, the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force. The site is surrounded by Raisina Hill and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, which is bounded by the north and south blocks of Rashtrapati Bhavan (Rashtrapati Bhavan) at the end of the Rajpath.
The chief guest of the ceremony is the President of India, who is escorted by the President’s Bodyguard (PBG), a cavalry unit. When the President arrives, the PBG commander asks the unit to give a national salute, which is followed by the playing of the Indian national anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the army. The Army develops the ceremonial performances by collective bands that include Navy and Air Force bands, as well as military bands, pipe and drum bands, buglers and trumpeters from various army regiments, performing popular tunes such as Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite Abide with Me. play. hymn, and finally all jahan se achcha.
Awards And Honors On Republic Day Of India
On the eve of Republic Day, the President of India distributes the Padma Awards to the citizens of India every year. These are the second highest civilian awards in India after Bharat Ratna. These awards are given in three categories, viz. Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri, in decreasing order of importance.
- Padma Vibhushan for “Extraordinary and Distinguished Service”. Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award in India.
- Padma Bhushan for “Distinguished Service of the High Order”. Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian award in India.
- Padma Shri for “distinguished service”. Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in India.
Despite being a national honour, the Padma Awards do not include cash allowances, benefits, or special concessions in rail/air travel. As per the December 1995 judgment of the Supreme Court of India, no title or honor is associated with Bharat Ratna or any Padma award; Honorees may not use them or their initials as suffixes, prefixes or pre and post names attached to the name of the prize winner. This includes any such use on letterhead, invitation cards, posters, books, etc. In case of any misuse, the prize winner shall forfeit the prize, and shall be warned against any such misuse upon receiving the honour.
The decorations include a sanad (certificate) issued under the hand and seal of the President and a medallion.
Recipients are also given a replica of the medal, which they can wear during any ceremonial/state function etc. A commemorative brochure giving a brief description of each award winner is also issued on the day of the award ceremony.