|Advantages and Disadvantages of Education System with Technology|
Education System with Technology: Advantages and Disadvantages
The Benefits and Drawbacks of Using Technology in Education
Although the educational system has always been strongly influenced by innovations, the explosion of new technologies caused tectonic changes in the way the teaching process is carried out at school.
Many technology enthusiasts believe that changes in the educational system can only be advanced due to an incredible growth in the number of inventions that continually change the description of existing professions. In this regard, many believe that the complete abandonment of traditional classroom education is almost certain in the near future, pointing out that traditional education will not be able to adequately prepare students for the new challenges and demands of the real world.
However, skeptics often argue that we should be careful about the immediate implementation of modern technologies in the classroom, mainly due to the possible consequences, such as the widening of the existing social gap, a greater number of people suffering from mental illness and the regression of children’s cognitive and academic development that may be irreversible.
Taking into account the arguments of both sides, below we will present a list of advantages and disadvantages of technology in education and explain how it affects today’s students.
Advantages of Technology in Education
Looking back over the last hundred years, the introduction of technology in the classroom has been a boon for only the youngest students and teachers. In other words, with the sudden introduction of a wide range of devices and the Internet, students had the opportunity to make the learning process much easier and more interesting. Key benefits of technology in education include:
It provides a better interactive experience during the learning and teaching process
With the introduction of mobile phones, tablets, and computers, students can now do something they should have been able to do long ago: learn actively and productively. For the first time, students can access a subject/didactic unit with enthusiasm thanks to applications, videos, simulations and digital books that make the learning process much more enjoyable. Additionally, having the opportunity to delve into an area that interests them allows them to potentially recognize your interests and talents, and perhaps even your future career.
Provides access to an unlimited amount of current data and information from a variety of sources
In addition to students approaching learning with more enthusiasm and productivity, they also have the opportunity to access the most current topics and research, something their ancestors could only dream of. Instead of going from library to library, dragging a stack of books with them, they are just a few clicks and well-defined queries away from accessing information that can give them additional perspective on the topics they are covering in school. So, this practice not only allows students to have a modern education, but also teaches them how to approach searching for information and reading complex professional literature.
Teaches them Digital Literacy
We all know that young people cannot acquire the level of skill that today’s business world demands in computer classes. By implementing technology as an integral part of education, students have the opportunity to keep up with learning trends and gain technology/digital skills that are highly sought after in the 21st century. This way of learning is most useful for students who do not have access to modern technology at home, which could also reduce the social gap between digitally literate and illiterate people.
Reduce Educational Costs
With the introduction of technology in education, resources have become more accessible, resulting in decreased tuition fees, the need for books and their price, as well as reduced need for school supplies. The introduction of e-books has made things easier for low-income families and has helped students approach learning on an equal footing with their peers, without parental pressure for high achievement stemming from large investments in the education of their children.
Also, another positive side effect of using e-books in education is the fact that they indirectly contribute to the reduction of deforestation, which is one of the main environmental problems.
Provides a better view of student performance thanks to metrics
In the past, teachers had to spend considerable time assessing each student’s overall academic performance, which proved highly impractical, especially in large classes with more than 20 students. Unfortunately, many students never manage to correct the wrong steps in learning that can help them improve their performance and potentially discover their talents or affinities.
However, with the introduction of digital technologies and the Internet in classrooms, teacher’s job of analyzing student performance and providing guidance and advice has become much easier, which is a win-win situation. for both teachers and students. Specifically, thanks to platforms that collect data on student performance in class, tests and assignments, teachers have a clear view of the areas in which students are struggling or excelling. Additionally, teachers can now modify lessons based on insights into the performance of individual students or the class as a whole.
They can choose to learn in real time or learn at their own pace
Technology in education has allowed students to gain control over their learning, but it has also given teachers flexibility to transfer knowledge to students. That is, this practice is only possible in schools that support hybrid (blended) learning, that is, a combination of real-time synchronous learning and asynchronous learning where students can listen to a lecture whenever they want.
Listening to a teacher giving a lesson in real time gives students a stronger sense of belonging and allows them to socialize with their peers, just like face-to-face interaction with the teacher. On the other hand, more independent learners who are confident in their own time management and commitment management skills can learn whenever they want.
Disadvantages of Technology in Education
It’s great to be optimistic and believe in the continued advancement of technology, however, it’s equally important not to lose sight of the negative sides of technology in education and how it can cause long-term problems for young people. That is, many skeptics from the social sciences and humanities domain often point to several potential drawbacks of technology in education and how it can negatively affect certain aspects and the quality of life and development of children:
It distracts both in the classroom and outside of it
Advocates of technology in education often forget that students continue to use their mobile phones and tablets throughout the day, long after they have completed their school activities. That is, with the daily dose of social media and video games, children’s brains are used to short-lived, intensive, and entertaining content that can quickly stimulate their dopamine system.
The biggest issue here is the fact that daily interaction with tech devices reduces attention span, with research showing Gen Z kids’ attention span is about 8 seconds. While teachers may mean well, the use of apps that have nothing to do with the teaching process itself should be restricted, and technology should be used in class only when absolutely necessary.
Potentially slows cognitive development and reduces problem-solving skills
Technology always has a good intention, to reduce time and facilitate the performance of certain mechanical activities. However, technology has automated almost all school activities. Why would a child need to learn the basics of math, when she can use a calculator on her phone, or why would she need to learn spelling, when she has autocorrect software?
So what was originally a positive intention has led to the situation that the new generations will not be able to perform everyday cognitive activities without technology. Also, it should be noted that when children use technology to solve all the problems in school, they gradually lose their problem solving skills, which is a highly sought after skill set. The only solution to this problem is for teachers and educational institutions as a whole to impose restrictions on the use of technology in education.
Reduce direct interaction with peers
Although digital technologies have been shown to improve student achievement and collaboration on projects, they nevertheless ignore our biological need for real-time interaction. That is, we have lived as social beings for more than tens of thousands of years, and now we think that we can fool our genetic predisposition so easily.
Although young people interact with their parents, teachers and peers, the percentage of adolescents diagnosed with some type of depression has been increasing and now reaches a staggering 20%. The only solution teachers and educational institutions can offer is to encourage young people to engage in face-to-face interaction with others.
Maintaining modern technology is very expensive
The cost of upgrading or maintaining technology is often overlooked. In a world where innovations in the field of digital technologies appear almost every month, and where the continuous updating of software and applications requires more powerful devices, believing that technology in education is the only solution sounds too confident.
That is, teaching and learning can be done without technology, but the question is: how useful will the specific skills acquired be after a few generations of technological backwardness? So, in order not to regret buying new technology, educational institutions are forced to estimate the real long-term costs of that investment and how it will be reflected in the tuition fees that students and their parents must pay.
It’s easier to cheat on tests
A big problem teachers face is cheating on tests and not having an idea of students’ knowledge of a lesson. This is also the biggest problem with online tests, because teachers often don’t know if students have access to another device while taking the test. This problem could have long-term consequences, mainly due to the inability of educational institutions to ensure that the student actually has the necessary knowledge for higher levels of education or to do their job.
Reduced number of teachers due to automation and reduced salaries
With the introduction of technology into the curriculum, the teacher’s role as authority figure and mediator is slowly fading away. It should be noted that automation in education and the introduction of certain applications has led to a decrease in the number of teachers in modern schools. However, the remaining teachers have even more responsibilities than before, and their incomes do not increase in proportion to their responsibilities, so many have had to leave their jobs.
As we said before, when describing the advantages of technology in education, children have the opportunity to access a wide spectrum of information that makes the lessons more attractive, but the question is, how long does it take to prepare and integrate that? content into a meaningful whole? Therefore, the increase in responsibilities refers mainly to the preparation for class, the importance and complexity of which are underestimated by many, mainly because it is not visible to parents.
The problem that needs to be addressed is that educational institutions stop treating teachers as manual workers, and the first step towards that goal is to increase their salaries and treat them with the respect they deserve, otherwise we will have unmotivated teachers who do not they are concerned with transferring knowledge to their students, and the consequence is a generation of individuals unable to become useful members of society.
Final Thoughts on the Pros and Cons of Technology in Education
Different people have different opinions about introducing these changes in the educational system, especially if it is done suddenly and in such a short time. However, one must be realistic, because the advantages still far outweigh the disadvantages.
Therefore, a continued insistence on the disadvantages should not be seen as a desire to return to traditional education, but as a reason for caution and the possibility of better seeing the holes in the technologies and methods used in education. It is up to educational institutions and teachers to analyze the disadvantages in the next review, and improve the quality of teaching in both their digital and physical classrooms.