Why is January 26th called Republic Day instead of the Constitution Day of India?

January 26th is called Republic Day in India because it marks the day in 1950 when the Constitution of India came into effect, officially establishing India as a republic. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, but was officially implemented on January 26, 1950.

January 26th was chosen as it was the day in 1930, when the Indian National Congress, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, had declared Purna Swaraj (Complete Independence) as the goal of the freedom movement and had also resolved to observe January 26 as the Independence Day. It was also on January 26, 1950, when the Constitution was read out for the first time in the Constituent Assembly by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who later became the first President of India.

Therefore, January 26th is called Republic Day in India to commemorate the day when the Constitution of India came into effect, officially establishing India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, and replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India.

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